The United Arab Emirates, in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula, extends along part of the Gulf of Oman and the southern coast of the Persian Gulf. The nation is the size of Maine. Its neighbors are Saudi Arabia to the west and south, Qatar to the north, and Oman to the east. Most of the land is barren and sandy.
The United Arab Emirates is bordered by the Arab Gulf from the North, Gulf of Oman and the Sultanate of Oman from the East, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Sultanate of Oman from the South, and the State of Qatar and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the West. The country is located between 22-26.5 N latitude, and 51-56.51 E longitude.
The United Arab Emirates has a 644 kilometre long coast at the southern Arab Gulf, where the Emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain and Ras Al Khaimah are located, while the 90 kilometre long coast of the Emirate of Fujairah is located at the Gulf of Oman.
The area of the country is 83,600 square kilometres, with the desert dominating most of this area with many popular oases. Most of the country’s coast is dominated by sand except for the northern area at Ras Al Khaimah which constitutes the Hajer mountain cape.
The country has hundreds of islands within the Gulf, of which 200 are in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, importantly Sir Bani Yas which has evolved into an oasis and a conservation area for rare birds and animals. Other important islands include Das island, Abu Al Abyadh island, Abu Mousa island and Sir Bu Nair at Sharjah, Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Al Hamra at Ras Al Khaimah, and Al Jazira Al Syniyah at Umm Al Quwain.
The UAE has a population of 8.19 million and is continuing to grow at a rapid rate despite the global downturn; according to a comprehensive report
on the country’s economy, unveiled in May 2010.
Federation formed in 1971 by seven emirates known as the Trucial States—Abu Dhabi (the largest), Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, and Umm al-Qaiwain. In addition to a federal president and prime minister, each emirate has a separate ruler who oversees the local government.